BC - Patches The wind barbs types are shown in Fig. This is the Barometric pressure of the reporting station. GS - Small Hail/Snow Pellets The time section of the TAF starts with the 2 numbers representing the day of the month, and the last four digits representing the time the report was issued. Translated METAR for NC90 METAR: 110852Z Charlotte/Douglas International, Charlotte, NC (KCLT). 1-3: Light Air: Ripples with the appearance of scales are formed, but without foam crests: Wind motion visible in smoke. P - In RVR indicates visibility greater than highest reportable sensor value (eg P6000FT) Long barbs are 10 knots. Unlike the METAR, however, the last four numbers represent the time the report was issued, and the time it is valid until. GR - Hail A02 means that the site is automated and HAS a precipitation sensor. metar: kclt 200152z 21007kt 10sm few085 09/m02 a3021 rmk ao2 slp231 t00941017 $ 4 METAR. In this section, intensity identifiers also play a big role. Product name METAR/ TAF. The definition of "Wind Gust" for METAR reports can be found in the Federal Meteorological Handbook No. The first three digits 310 is the direction of the wind in degrees. R28R/2600FT signifies that the runway visual range for runway 28 Right is 2600 feet. You may also be interested in our Wind Chill Calculator To the non-aviator this is just a jumble of letters and numbers, but to us, it is an invaluable tool. RMK simply means REMARKS and marks the end of the standard metar observation and the beginning of the remarks that are put in as necessay. In the first section of the TAF we see that this report comes to us from London's Heathrow Airport. Weather Sky Cond. 090 08 G12KT (08 is the wind speed in knots) If no motion of air is detected, the air is reported as “calm.” In this case the wind is blowing from "220 Degrees". Two additional documents show the original descriptions abridged from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and which symbol is plotted for each present weather text string. The wind speed data for the most recent 10 minutes shall be examined to evaluate the occurrence of gusts. 3 METAR. 00000KT - If you see all zeroes, the winds are calm 20015KT 180V260 - If you see a report like this one, with the normal winds reported in the beginning and then 2 numbers separated by a "V" it means the winds are variable. In the example above, the time stamp reads just like a METAR. RMK - Remark KT - Knots In this example, just like the METAR, the first two numbers represent the day of the month. Temperature (ºF) Relative Humidity Wind Chill (°F) Heat Index (°F) Pressure Precipitation (in.) Santa Barbara Municipal Airport (KSBA) METAR. It's been a long one but you have finally arrived at the end. Forecast models ECMWF, GFS, NAM and NEMS BECMG - Becoming (expected between 2 digit beginning hour and 2 digit ending hour) News from Carson Now . Fig. Air Dwpt KT means knots. In this example the winds are from 200 at 15 knots. Take a look below at example 1. 2 Wind: Wind direction/speed : 31015G27KT 'three one zero degrees, fifteen knots, max twenty seven knots' Max only given if >= 10KT greater than the mean. 9999. SS - Sandstorm Wind is Calm, 10 statute miles visibility, Clear Skies, Temperature -4°C, Dewpoint -6°C, Altimeter is 30.19, Remarks: automated station with precipitation discriminator. Each plot is updated every 5 minutes. Calm winds are shown as a concentric around the station location. noted by “VRB” where the three digit direction. FC - Funnel Cloud NO - Not available (eg SLPNO, RVRNO) 00000KT = calm. EGLL 060326Z 20013G23KT 8000 SCT014 BKN025 Q1013 Welcome to the VATSIM PRC "Interpreting METARs and TAFs" Tutorial. DU - Widespread Dust Air Dwpt This does not mean the site is un-manned. (the "Kollsman window is the little dial in the middle of your Altimeter that by default reads "29.92")-(read more about transition levels in "IFR airspace". Jan 11, 0852Z. METAR Short barbs are 5 knots. This is the 4 letter code that is used to identify the airport where the weather report originates. 2: Light Breeze: 4 to 7 mph: Wind felt on face. SA - Sand Weather is a huge part of successful flight planning, I hope this tutorial has helped you to better understand a few of the published weather reports available to aviators. Short barbs are 5 knots. When clouds are made up of towering cumulus or cumulonimbus, TCU or CB will follow cloud height, 10/5 - Temperature is 10 degrees celsius, Dewpoint in 5 degrees celsius, Standard Altimeter setting in inches of mercury = A2992", "Standard Altimeter setting in hectoPascals = Q1013, In the first section we see that this report is from Los Angeles International Airport, In the second section we see that this report was taken on the 6th day of the month at 0350Z, In the third section we see that the winds are 230 at 4 knots, We see that visibility is 8 statute miles, The temperature at KLAX is 16 degrees Celsius, the dewpoint in 15 degrees Celsius. Basically a METAR from London 's Heathrow airport, where the three digit direction as symbols back with and! D a t e time ( also called Zulu time or Greenwich time ) any it. Weather condition but only one icon ever gets plotted wind gusts are usually Light reads just like METAR. 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