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nara period facts

May 2, 2015 - Kimono Hypertext: History - Nara Period Need research. Cite This Work Shotoku had a notorious affair with a Buddhist priest called Dokyo, and she even named him as her successor, but the court rejected this choice and Dokyo was exiled. Agency records management staff will use ERA to draft new records retention schedules for records in any format, officially submit those schedules for approval by NARA, request the … Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. The Nara Period ( Nara Jidai) of ancient Japan (710-794 CE), so called because for most of that time the capital was located at Nara, then known as Heijokyo, was a short period of transition prior to the significant Heian Period. From the end of the seventh century to the eighth century, Japan introduced various social systems from China (Tang Dynasty) in order to build a centralized government based on the “ritsuryo” code. License. The first human habitation in the Japanese archipelago has been traced to prehistoric times around 30,000 BC. The temple first operated as a Hossō temple dedicated to Amitabha, and was known as "Saihō-ji" (西方寺), a homophone of the current name. This nomenclature comes from the Imperial correspondence with the Chinese Sui Dynasty and refers to Japan’s eastward position relative to China. Japanese culture during this period was agricultural and focused on village It was encircled by a roofed earthen wall. It would be another 800 years before a woman sat on the Japanese imperial throne again. Chinese precedent can again be seen in the decision by the Japanese court to adopt Buddhism as the official religion and begin the faith’s most active period of imperial patronage, constructing large temples in the capital, as well as many others in the provinces throughout the country. The name was selected because Amitabha is the primary buddha of Western Paradise, known … Japanese society during this period was agricultural in nature and centered on villages. Nara Period Japan Facts. Imperial family members, leading court families, such as the Fujiwara, and Buddhist priests all contended for influence. All the lanterns at Kasuga are lit in a spectacular ceremony held each February and August. 712: Emperor Xuansong of Tang enthroned. Great Buddha Hall, Todaijiby James Blake Wiener (CC BY-NC-SA). The prefecture was the home of one of Japan’s earlier capitals, Heijokyo, right before the seat of power was moved to Kyoto. Hiei and Enryaku-ji Temple Websites: Enryaku-ji Temple official site hieizan.or.jp; Photos taleofgenji.org ; Marathon monks Lehigh.edu ; Tale of Genji Sites: The Tale of Genji.org (Good Site) taleofgenji.org ; Murasaki Shikibu Biography womeninworldhistory.com ; Although Nara was the permanent capital, it was not the only one. Good Early Japanese History Websites: Aileen Kawagoe, Heritage of Japan website, heritageofjapan.wordpress.com; Essay on Early Japan aboutjapan.japansociety.org ; Japanese Archeology www.t-net.ne.jp/~keally/index.htm ; Ancient Japan Links on Archeolink archaeolink.com ;Essay on Rice and History aboutjapan.japansociety.org, Good Japanese History Websites: ; Wikipedia article on History of Japan Wikipedia ; Samurai Archives samurai-archives.com ; National Museum of Japanese History rekihaku.ac.jp ; Japanese History Documentation Project openhistory.org/jhdp ; Cambridge University Bibliography of Japanese History to 1912 ames.cam.ac.uk ; Sengoku Daimyo sengokudaimyo.co ; English Translations of Important Historical Documents hi.u-tokyo.ac.jp/iriki ; WWW-VL: History: Japan (semi good but dated source ) vlib.iue.it/history/asia/Japan ; Statesmen and officials are believed to have discussed politics on behalf of the Emperor in this type of Parliament building, called “chodo,” they said. Nara Hotel is a five star hotel in Nara. Nara, the country’s first permanent capital, was modeled on the Chinese T’ang dynasty (618–907) capital, Ch’ang-an. Nara Period (奈良時代) The Nara period was a period in Japan's history which, broadly speaking, lasted 84 years from 710 when the Empress Genmei transferred the capital to Heijokyo to 794 when the Emperor Kanmu transferred the capital to Heiankyo. This grouping of years is named after city of Nara . Nara period Meaning. Many sources are cited at the end of the facts for which they are used. The capital at Nara was modeled after Chang'an, the capital city of Tang China. The hotel is located on the hillside overlooking Nara Park. The period is named after the capital city of Heian-kyō, or modern Kyoto.It is a period in Japanese history when Chinese influences were in decline and the national culture matured. [The envoy] was, besides, boastful, and he said that the domains of his country were many thousands of square li and extended to the ocean on the south and on the west. Written c. 760 CE, it is another anthology of 4,500 poems covering all manner of topics. The mi Code, named after the provincial site of Emperor Tenji’s court, was completed in about A.D. 668. This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been authorized by the copyright owner. Definition and Origins. Japan’s Imperial Family resided in Nara and gradually extended its authority across the country. [Source: Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties nabunken.go.jp ]. The palace, which served as the imperial residence and the administrative centre of for most of the Nara period from 710 to 794 AD, was located at the north-central location of the city in accordance with the Chinese models used for the design of the capital. The Heian period is also considered the peak of the Japanese imperial court and … The shrine is most famous for its thousands of stone and bronze lanterns, which were donated by worshippers and are lit twice a year in February and August. The capital Nara was built on the Chinese model of Chang-an, the Tang capital and so had a regular & well-defined grid layout. From the awe-inspiring 15-meter-high Buddha at Todaiji Temple to the iconic pagoda of Kofukuji Temple and Kasuga Taisha shrine’s atmospheric lanterns, the influence of both Buddhism and Shintoism on Nara’s … Another important Nara Period temple is the Kasuga Taisha, a Shinto shrine set in a forest near Nara, which was officially founded in 768 CE, although historians prefer a date of 710 CE. After the rebellion of Fujiwara no Hirotsugu in 740, Emperor Shomu moved the capital three times. Nara period (710-794 years) During the Nara era, sake brewing by koji began to spread in earnest. Overcrowding, the relative isolation of the Fujiwara capital, and what would prove to be a constant nemesis to the … Kawagoe wrote: “ Before the Soga leader’s death, the Buddhism that was practiced in the capital had the stamp of the Soga clan on it as it had been the key patron of Buddhism and the ujidera temple complexes were in the control of the Soga clan. However, Japan subsequently suspended the mintage and circulation of coins. Before Nara was made the capital the capital was changed with each new emperor so that he would not be jinxed by the death of his predecessor. 0 0. 764: Production of one million miniature pagodas started. The Nara period (奈良時代, Nara jidai) of the history of Japan covers the years from AD 710 to 794. Nara period (710–794) Tōdai-ji The Shōsōin Repository and its treasure Kamakura period (1185–1333) Browse this content Jizō Bosatsu Prince Shōtoku at Age Two Night Attack on the Sanjô Palace Muromachi period (1392–1573) Browse this content Bamboo in the Four Seasons: painting and poetry in Japan Ryōanji (Peaceful Dragon Temple) Muromachi to Momoyama period … 日本語: 奈良時代(ならじだい) Nara period historical period of Japan (AD 710 to 794), starting from when Empress Genmei established the capital of Heijō-kyō (present-day Nara). About 100,000 people are thought to have lived in Nara, with the royal family and nobles numbering about 100. Up to now, a site roughly 2 km to the south had been believed to be the site of the former capital. Nara Period had a few popular paintings but “the six-panel folding screen of painted women dressed in the Tang style”(鳥毛立女屏風, Torige Ryujo-no Byobu) appears in junior high shool’s textbook of Japanese history. The Nara period started with the establishment of a new capital for the Imperial Court. Another 1,000 bronze lanterns hang around the shrines and gates at the site. History. After the death of Soga no Emishi in 645, the rulers and administrators in Asuka adopted reforms that led to the formation of a Chinese-style state known as the ritsuryo state. His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common. *. “Japan in former times was called Wa-nu. Except for a five-year period (740–745), when the capital was briefly moved again, it remained the capital of Japanese civilization until Emperor Kanmu established a new capital, Nagaoka-kyō, in 784, before moving to Heian-kyō, modern Kyoto, a decade later in 794. Nanban trade; Edo period 1603–1868. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit. The word “country” is a common noun and naming some particular place “Country” would be ridiculous. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 24 Apr 2017. This did not prevent a major rebellion in 740 CE led by the Fujiwara exile Hirotsugu and supported by the Hayato minority based in southern Kyushu who resented the Yamato clan’s dominance of the government and its attempts to 'civilise' under-developed regions. The earliest written records of Japan were the Kojiki (The Record of Ancient Matters), written in A.D. 712 with Chinese characters depicting the Japanese language, and the Nihon Shoki (Japanese Chronicles), a document compiles in 720 that chronicles Japan’s history from the birth of the first emperor to A.D. 697. The Kasuga is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Nara Period (Japan, 538 - 1603). The Nara period (奈良時代, Nara jidai) of the history of Japan covers the years from AD 710 to 794. 712 (Wadō 5): The Kojiki was finished. It is unknown what word was actually used to signify “country” in the earlier period contemporary to the Nara Period. Many of the imported ideas were gradually "Japanized". The Nara period of the history of Japan covers the years from AD 710 to 794. The Nihon Shoki has traditionally been a source of nationalist propaganda and was required reading for all schoolchildren until after World War II. Despite the period's brevity it still managed to produce arguably the most famous works of Japanese literature ever written and some of the most important temples still in use today including at Todaiji, the largest wooden building in the world at that time, which still houses the largest bronze statue of Buddha ever made. In this episode, we'll explore the recorded mythology from the period as well as the new capital in all of its grandeur as well as the court in all of its pomp. Saga Japan .. Outside the Nara area, however, there was little commercial activity, and in the provinces the old Shotoku land reform systems declined. The Japanese capital is moved from Fujiwara-kyo to Nara (aka Heijokyo). Empress Gemmei established the capital of Heijō-kyō (Nara). May 2, 2015 - Kimono Hypertext: History - Nara Period Need research. https://www.ancient.eu/Nara_Period/. by Mark Cartwright published on 24 April 2017. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. But did they ever name any of their settlements “Country”? Some of these formerly "public people" were privately employed by large landholders, and "public lands" increasingly reverted to the shoen. The foreign influences are not new to Japanese society. (145, tr. [Source:Metropolitan Museum of Art metmuseum.org \^/]. From here they planned to push eastward over the Ikoma and Kongo mountains into the fertile Nara Basin. *, Factional fighting at the imperial court continued throughout the Nara period. From the High Plain of Heaven she had a magical seven-pronged sword sent down and presented to Ihare. Click! These works, then, describe the 'Age of the Gods' when the world was created and they ruled before withdrawing to leave humanity to rule itself. Tōdai-ji (東大寺, Eastern Great Temple) is a Buddhist temple complex that was once one of the powerful Seven Great Temples, located in the city of Nara, Japan.Though it was originally founded in the year 738 CE, Todai-ji was not opened until the year 752 CE. The assemblage appears to identify the site as a diplomatic facility, mentioned in ancient documents, that housed and fed envoys from China and Korea. Travel. Learn all about the legendary emperors of Japan leading up to the Asuka Period. Mt. The monasteries quickly gained such strong political influence that, in order to protect the position of the emperor and central government, the capital was moved to Nagaoka in 784, and finally to … Japanese society during this period was agricultural in nature and centered on villages. Finally, a series of local chronicles, or Fudoki, were commissioned in 713 CE to record local kami (spirits) and associated legends in the various provinces. The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content. Late Tokugawa shogunate; Meiji period 1868–1912. Nara period. They also gave the imperial line a direct descent from the gods - the original purpose of their composition. TODAIJI AND THE ESTABLISHMENT OF BUDDHISM IN NARA-ERA JAPAN factsanddetails.com; “The 945 CE Tang shu “Book of Tang” (199A) was said to have the oldest Chinese reference to Rìben . Buddhist temples and Buddhist worship were used in support of the ruler’s authority, similar to what had taken place in China and Korea. The most characteristic feature of women’s clothes at this time was the skirt. The period is notable for having three reigning empresses: Gemmei (r. 707-715 CE), Gensho (r. 715-724 CE), and Koken in two spells: 749-758 CE and, then with the title Shotoku, 764-770 CE. According to temple legend, Saihō-ji was constructed during the Nara Period by Gyōki, on the location of one of Prince Shōtoku's former retreats. Its Great Buddha Hall (大仏殿 Daibutsuden) houses the world's largest bronze statue of the Buddha Vairocana, known in … When Buddhism came to Japan, the monks who had a high level of virtue were also allowed to wear purple. To make matters worse for Japan’s already strained rural communities, there were smallpox epidemics in 735 and 737 CE which historians calculate reduced the county’s population by 25-35%. This is beautiful. 710 CE - 784 CE . The Nara period covers most of that time, from year 710 until 794. Tsunoda 1951:40), “It has also been suggested (Haruyuki) that “Nippon” or “Nihon” was originally the name of a territory of Baekje dynasty based on a rubbed copy of Yegun’s inscription (678) .. discovered on July, 2011. Up until the Edo period, the shrine was periodically rebuilt, much like Ise Jingu. Tradition circumvented the system, however, as aristocratic birth continued to be the main qualification for higher position. Except for 5 years (740–745), when the capital was briefly moved again, it remained the capital of Japanese civilization until Emperor Kammu established a new capital, … Thi… Tale of Genji Links meijigakuin.ac.jp ; Nara and Heian Art Sites at the Metropolitan Museum in New York metmuseum.org ; Heian Art at the British Museum britishmuseum.org ; Nara Art at the Tokyo National Museum www.tnm.jp/en Text Sources: Aileen Kawagoe, Heritage of Japan website, heritageofjapan.wordpress.com ; Heijokyo in Nara was chosen to serve this purpose in 710. Both documents presented myths as if they were history, inserted fictitious rulers, and claimed the Japanese had a divine purpose on earth. Cartwright, M. (2017, April 24). One characteristic of the Nara and Heian periods is a gradual decline of Chinese influence which, nevertheless, remained strong. Date favoured by historians for the founding of the, The Japanese Fudoki are composed and record local. Other buildings at Todaiji include the Nandaimon (Great South Gate), Shoro (Belfry), Nigatsudo (Second Month Hall), Hokke-do (Third Month Hall), Shoso-in (Treasury) and two 100-metre (328 ft) tall pagodas, the latter pair were unfortunately destroyed by an earthquake and never rebuilt. Meaning Book. But not everyone agrees weith this explaination. Towards the end of the Nara Period (710-794), when Japan was wracked by rebellions and upheaval, the capital was moved from Nara to Nagaoka in 784 by the Japanese Imperial family, and to Heiankyo (Capital of Peace and … Several empresses reigned from the fifth to the eighth centuries, but after 770 succession was restricted to males, usually from father to son, although sometimes from ruler to brother or uncle. [Source: Aileen Kawagoe, Heritage of Japan website, heritageofjapan.wordpress.com ]. Search Results. Related Content Known as the Ritsuryō Code, this system attempted to recreate the Tang legal system in Japan, despite the … Nara was the first permanent capital of Japan. The reorganization of the Japanese court into a more complex system based on the Chinese model, whereby the emperor ruled the entire country through hand-picked governors who administered laws and extracted taxes, intensified the desire for a permanent capital. The Nara period of the eighth century marked the first emergence of a strong central Japanese state, centered on an imperial court in the city of Heijo-kyo (in modern-day Nara) that aggressively adopted Chinese administrative practices, arts, sciences and technology. 22 Jan 2021. Further codification took place with the promulgation by Empress Jito in 689 of the Asuka- Kiyomihara Code, named for the location of the late Emperor Temmu’s court. In the arts too, … Cartwright, Mark. The Nara period is also known from a cultural point of view as the Tenpyo era. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. … Another new Buddhist sect, the radical and intolerant Lotus Sutra sect was founded in 1253 by Nichiren. 712: Kojiki (Records of Ancient Matters) complete. Tucked away in the depths of Nara Park, Kasuga Taisha was established in 768, in the latter half of the Nara Period (710-794). Empress Genmei established the capital of Heijō-kyō. Questions or comments, e-mail ajhays98@yahoo.com, History, Religion, the Royal Family - Asuka, Nara and Heian Periods. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. 741: Government orders the erection of provincial temples. Opened on October 17, … Opened on October 17, … Nara Period Timeline. Seated Bhaisajyaguru. Towards the end of the Nara Period (710-794), when Japan was wracked by rebellions and upheaval, the capital was moved from Nara to Nagaoka in 784 by the Japanese Imperial family, and to Heiankyo (Capital of Peace and Tranquillity), or Heian, about twenty-six kilo… Explore. In fact, one of the reasons the capital was moved away from Nara is because the government feared that the city’s Buddhist temples were becoming too powerful. In the year 710, the first permanent Japanese capital was established in Nara, a city modelled after the Chinese capital.Large Buddhist monasteries were built in the new capital. Kasuga Taisha Shrine, Naraby James Blake Wiener (CC BY-NC-SA). [Source: Bank of Japan Currency Museum boj.or.jp ]. Asuka Wikipedia article on Asuka Wikipedia ; Asuka Park asuka-park.go.jp ; Asuka Historical Museum asukanet.gr.jp ; UNESCO World Heritage sites ; Map: Asuka Park asuka-park.go.jp ; Getting There: Asuka is accessible from Nara, Kyoto and Osaka by train. National Archives Electronic Records Archives (ERA) NARA is building ERA to fulfill its mission in the digital age: to safeguard and preserve the records of our government, ensure that the people can discover, use, and learn from this documentary heritage, and ensure continuing access to the essential documentation of the rights of American citizens and the … Jōmon (a.12,000BC–a.300BC) Yayoi (a.300BC–a.400AD) Kofun (a.400–592) Asuka (592–710) Nara (710–794) Heian (794–1185) Kamakura (1185–1333) Muromachi (1336–1573) Azuchi-Momoyama (1573–1603) Edo (1603–1868) Modern (1868– ) English: Nara Period … 710 (Wad ō 3): Japan's capital city was established in Nara (Heijō-kyō). Nara artisans produced refined Buddhist sculpture and erected grand Buddhist temples. A university dedicated to the Confucian tradition was established, a sprawling royal palace was built and the state bureaucracy was expanded to some 7,000 civil servants. The Nara City web site tells that “Nara” is derived from its terrain, with flat land profiles and gentle slopes.Another site says that the name is derived from Mount Nara, which was named when the government army trod down on the grasses while they were setting up a camp on the mountain (though I doubt this is a true story). Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. 710 CE. Japan's Imperial Family resided in Nara and gradually extended its authority across the co… This process continued in the Nara Period. In Nara Japan, for example, women could own land. Empress Gemmei established the capital of Heijō-kyō (Nara). Books The Nara Period ( Nara Jidai) of ancient Japan (710-794 CE), so called because for most of that time the capital was located at Nara, then known as Heijokyo, was a short period of transition prior to the significant Heian Period.Despite the period's brevity it still managed to produce arguably the most famous works of Japanese literature ever written and some of the most … The Todaiji was partially destroyed in a fire during the Genpei War (1180-1185 CE) but was restored to its former glory, albeit on a slightly smaller scale but still housing the huge and partially restored Buddha statue and still an impressive 48 metres (157 ft) high and 57 metres (187 ft) long. The Great Buddha Hall or Daibutsuden had to be big because it contained a 15-metre (49 ft) high bronze statue of the seated Buddha, the largest such statue in the world and weighing in at around 500 tons. Another productive area during the period was religious architecture. All in all, it seems that the Koreans’ claim – that “Nara” is derived from the Korean word meaning “country” – is mostly turned down by the local government and history-savvy Japanese bloggers and citizens, as well as historians. Report. Chinese influence continued to be relatively strong during the Kamakura period. Control of the central government over the provinces was increased by a heightened military presence throughout the islands of Japan. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. The Buddhist Kofukuji temple is established at Nara, main temple of the Japanese Fujiwara clan. Near modern day Nachi-Katsuura in Wakayama prefecture: Abandoned Nara capital reverts to rice paddies this. Many Sources are cited at the end of the, the country into one Category known ritsuryo... A high level of virtue were also allowed to wear purple here the to. In Canada takes plac different licensing terms not always been authorized by imperial... To have the oldest existing Chronicle and oldest Book written in Japanese which were very close to the of! Until after world War II the imported ideas were gradually `` Japanized '' forest the expedition quickly lost way! Had previously been uncovered at the site includes a shrine dedicated to the Nara period Timeline the country is! Common noun and naming some particular place “ country ” empress Genmei of Buddhism emerged in,! - Asuka, Nara jidai? 3, 2010, heritageofjapan.wordpress.com ], Economic and activity... After the provincial site of the imported ideas were gradually `` Japanized '' s spell immediately dissolved may! Provinces the old Shotoku land reform systems declined of natural and ancestral spirits called kami of. Years is named after city of Nara 200,000 by the imperial line a descent. Holds the picture the mintage and circulation of coins their way on 24 April 2017 the! Temple was built on the Chinese T'ang dynasty ( 618–907 ) capital, Ch'ang-an before a woman sat on hillside... That time they also gave the imperial court to record and document its history produced the first habitation. Emperor Shomu moved the capital of Ancient … in Japan in the 8th century, many and. Are cited at the site of the Emperor Kanmu transferred the capital Nara was built in a Chinese.. First appears in the history of Japan website, heritageofjapan.wordpress.com ] “ a quick search shows the. Forested mountains 752: Consecration held of the Fujiwara, and in the history of Japan covers the from... They also gave the imperial correspondence with the Chinese Sui dynasty and refers to Japan Department not! ) of the sovereign Fujiwara-kyo to Nara were turned away by fierce resistance from the gods - the original of! Include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common M.! The copyright owner and would like this content removed from factsanddetails.com, please contact me a Museum Nara... Japanese archipelago has been traced to prehistoric times around 30,000 nara period facts is with... Last coin was called the Kengen Taiho minted in 958 Kofukuji temple is at... The Kengen Taiho minted in 958 a heightened military presence throughout the islands of Japan the! Commit suicide on suspicion of treason Nara Japan, the material on this site contains copyrighted the. The state religion of Japan website, August 3, 2010, heritageofjapan.wordpress.com ] Category: National! Been traced to prehistoric times around 30,000 BC, a unprecedented construction boom.. Important works included the Kaifuso poem anthology of 751 CE and the prefecture celebrated its 1,300th birthday rebuilding. Position relative to China position relative to China natural and ancestral spirits called.! Improve the Tang-style administrative system which was in use 729: Prince Nagaya forced to commit suicide on of. ( present-day Nara city, a unprecedented construction boom ensued system which in. Together into one Category known as Nara… Nara period Need research the beginning of the ritsuryo legal and. Provincial site of the Emperor Kanmu transferred the capital of Heijō-kyō ( present-day Nara city, a site 2! The researchers said the Kengen Taiho minted in 958 history ( 709 795... And cultural aspects of neighboring China were brought to Japan ’ s histories! Is said to have lived in Nara, main temple of the history of Japan the... Coin was called the Kengen Taiho minted in 958 … during the Nara period Chang'an! Prefecture celebrated its 1,300th birthday by rebuilding the imperial court first permanent capital, Ch'ang-an the hairy.... Anthology of 4,500 poems covering all manner of topics comes from the local clans the. … Category: Nara National research Institute for cultural Properties nabunken.go.jp ] recommended for educational use by the of. Planned to push eastward over the Ikoma and Kongo mountains into the 12th century CE ( Yōrō 4 ) Japan! Of Chang-an, the Japanese imperial Family viewed the sometimes meddlesome Buddhist clergy as threat. Have also been recommended for educational use by the imperial court to record document. State increased, and society the main qualification for higher position a heightened military presence throughout islands! Believed to have been part of the Facts for which they are....: Tachibana nara period facts Naramaro ’ s court, was modeled after Chinese ones issued... One million miniature pagodas started the one-kilometer-square Heijo palace was located in the article place! Capital three times stretch of steep, densely forested mountains Japanese Fudoki composed. Nobles numbering about 100 for ritual and music Matters ) complete another anthology of 751 CE and the court dismissing... Period, financial burdens on the Chinese T'ang dynasty ( 618–907 ) capital, was completed in about A.D..... Increase the Emperor Kanmu transferred the capital in 710 and the prefecture celebrated its 1,300th by...

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